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Proteomics. 2009 May;9(9):2503-28. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200800158.

Proteomic and selected metabolite analysis of grape berry tissues under well-watered and water-deficit stress conditions.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557-0200, USA.


In order to investigate the unique contribution of individual wine grape (Vitis vinifera) berry tissues and water-deficit to wine quality traits, a survey of tissue-specific differences in protein and selected metabolites was conducted using pericarp (skin and pulp) and seeds of berries from vines grown under well-watered and water-deficit stress conditions. Of 1047 proteins surveyed from pericarp by 2-D PAGE, 90 identified proteins showed differential expression between the skin and pulp. Of 695 proteins surveyed from seed tissue, 163 were identified and revealed that the seed and pericarp proteomes were nearly completely distinct from one another. Water-deficit stress altered the abundance of approximately 7% of pericarp proteins, but had little effect on seed protein expression. Comparison of protein and available mRNA expression patterns showed that 32% pericarp and 69% seed proteins exhibited similar quantitative expression patterns indicating that protein accumulation patterns are strongly influenced by post-transcriptional processes. About half of the 32 metabolites surveyed showed tissue-specific differences in abundance with water-deficit stress affecting the accumulation of seven of these compounds. These results provide novel insights into the likely tissue-specific origins and the influence of water-deficit stress on the accumulation of key flavor and aroma compounds in wine.

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