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Diagn Ther Endosc. 2009;2009:286138. doi: 10.1155/2009/286138. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Perioperative and oncological outcome of laparoscopic resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) of the stomach.

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1
Division of Surgical Oncology and Thoracic Surgery, University Medicine Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68135 Mannheim, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgery remains the only curative treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST). Resection needs to ensure tumour-free margins while lymphadenectomy is not required. Thus, partial gastric resection is the treatment of choice for small gastric GISTs. Evidence on whether performing resection laparoscopically compromises outcome is limited.

METHODS:

We compiled patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of suspected gastric GIST between 2003 and 2007. Follow-up was performed to obtain information on tumour recurrence.

RESULTS:

Laparoscopic resection with free margins was performed in 21/22 patients. Histology confirmed GIST in 17 cases, 4 tumours were benign neoplasms. Median operation time and postoperative stay for GIST patients were 130 (range 80-201) mins and 7 (range 5-95) days. Two patients experienced stapler line leakage necessitating surgical revision. After median follow-up of 18 (range 1-53) months, no recurrence occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Laparoscopic resection of gastric GISTs yields good perioperative outcomes. Oncologic outcome needs to be assessed with longer follow-up. For posterior lesions, special precaution is needed. Laparoscopic resection could become standard for circumscribed gastric GISTs if necessary precautions for oncological procedures are observed.

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