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Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2009 Apr 1;65(Pt 4):372-5. doi: 10.1107/S1744309109007829. Epub 2009 Mar 25.

Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of vitamin D3 hydroxylase, a novel cytochrome P450 isolated from Pseudonocardia autotrophica.

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Research Institute of Genome-based Biofactory, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Toyohira-ku, Sapporo 062-8517, Japan.


Vitamin D(3) hydroxylase (Vdh) is a novel cytochrome P450 monooxygenase isolated from the actinomycete Pseudonocardia autotrophica and consisting of 403 amino-acid residues. Vdh catalyzes the activation of vitamin D(3) via sequential hydroxylation reactions: these reactions involve the conversion of vitamin D(3) (cholecalciferol or VD3) to 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) [25(OH)VD3] and the subsequent conversion of 25(OH)VD3 to 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [calciferol or 1alpha,25(OH)(2)VD3]. Overexpression of recombinant Vdh was carried out using a Rhodococcus erythropolis expression system and the protein was subsequently purified and crystallized. Two different crystal forms were obtained by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at 293 K using polyethylene glycol as a precipitant. The form I crystal belonged to the trigonal space group P3(1), with unit-cell parameters a = b = 61.7, c = 98.8 A. There is one Vdh molecule in the asymmetric unit, with a solvent content of 47.6%. The form II crystal was grown in the presence of 25(OH)VD3 and belonged to the orthorhombic system P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 63.4, b = 65.6 c = 102.2 A. There is one Vdh molecule in the asymmetric unit, with a solvent content of 46.7%. Native data sets were collected to resolutions of 1.75 and 3.05 A for form I and form II crystals, respectively, using synchrotron radiation. The structure solution was obtained by the molecular-replacement method and model refinement is in progress for the form I crystal.

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