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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1991;19(4):244-54.

F-actin bundling protein from Physarum polycephalum: purification and its capacity for co-bundling of actin filaments and microtubules.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.


An F-actin bundling protein was isolated and purified from plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum. The F-actin bundling protein in Physarum extract was passed through a DEAE-cellulose column. After the protein in the fraction was treated with 6 M urea, it was purified by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300 HR followed by chromatography on CM-Toyopearl (cation exchange) in the presence of 6 M urea. The purified protein gave a single band on SDS-PAGE, and the molecular weight was estimated to be 52,000. This F-actin bundling protein is referred to as the 52 kDa protein. Interestingly, the 52 kDa protein also induced bundling of microtubules. The formation of F-actin and microtubule bundles was Ca(2+)-insensitive, but depended on the salt concentration. Each bundle formed at NaCl concentrations less than 0.1 M. The 52 kDa protein cross-reacted with monoclonal antibody raised against a HeLa 55 kDa protein (an F-actin bundling protein from HeLa cells) (Yamashiro-Matsumura and Matsumura: J. Biol. Chem. 260:5087-5097, 1985). When the 52 kDa protein was added to a mixture of actin filaments and microtubules, co-bundles composed of both filaments formed. This is the first reported example in which an F-actin bundling protein induced co-bundling of actin filaments and microtubules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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