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Carbohydr Res. 2009 May 12;344(7):894-900. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2009.02.020. Epub 2009 Feb 28.

Structural analysis of the O-specific polysaccharide isolated from Plesiomonas shigelloides O51 lipopolysaccharide.

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Department of Immunochemistry, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, R. Weigla 12, PL-53-114 Wroclaw, Poland.


Plesiomonasshigelloides strain CNCTC 110/92 (O51) was identified as a new example of plesiomonads synthesising lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) that show preference for a non-aqueous surrounding during phenol/water extraction. Chemical analyses combined with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF and ESI mass spectrometry showed that the repeating units of the O-specific polysaccharides isolated from phenol and water phase LPSs of P. shigelloides O51 have the same structure: -->4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc3NRA-(1-->4)-alpha-L-FucpAm3OAc-(1-->3)-alpha-D-QuipNAc-(1-->, containing the rare sugar constituent 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyglucuronic acid (GlcpNAc3NRA), and substituents such as D-3-hydroxybutyric acid (R) and acetamidino group (Am). The HR-MAS NMR spectra obtained for the isolated LPSs and directly on bacteria indicated that the O-acetylation pattern was consistent throughout the entire preparation. The (1)H chemical shift values of the structure reporter groups identified in the isolated O-antigens matched those present in bacteria. We have found that the O-antigens recovered from the phenol phase showed a higher degree of polymerisation than those isolated from the water phase.

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