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Nano Lett. 2009 May;9(5):1897-902. doi: 10.1021/nl803902t.

Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit.

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Nano-Optics & Biophotonics Group, Department of Experimental Physics 5, Rontgen Research Center for Complex Material Research, Physics Institute, University of Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany.


An experimentally realizable prototype optical nanocircuit consisting of a receiving and an emitting nanoantenna connected by a two-wire optical transmission line is studied using finite-difference time- and frequency-domain simulations. To optimize the coupling between optical nanocircuit elements we apply impedance matching concepts in analogy to radio frequency technology. We show that the degree of impedance matching, and in particular the impedance of the emitting nanoantenna, can be inferred from the experimentally accessible standing wave pattern on the transmission line. We demonstrate the possibility of matching the nanoantenna impedance to the transmission line by variations of the antenna length and width realizable by modern microfabrication techniques. The radiation efficiency of the emitting antenna also depends on its geometry but is independent of the degree of impedance matching. The case study presented here provides the basis for experimental realizations of general optical nanocircuits based on readily available gold nanostructures and a large variety of derived novel devices.


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