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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Apr 1;14(4):E180-2.

Cervical tularaemia in a non-endemic area.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Central University Hospital, Oviedo, Spain.


Tularemia is a zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis. The microorganism is transmitted to humans by contact with, or ingestion of, infected animal tissues, by insect bites, consumption of contaminated food or water, or from inhalation of aerolized bacteria. In this report we describe a case of tularemia presenting with multiple cervical lymphadenitis in Asturias (Spain). Final diagnosis was established based on a serological test. The patient was successfully managed with surgery and streptomycin for 2 weeks. The ulceroglandular form of tularemia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenitis, particularly in those not responding to penicillin treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first case described in Asturias, a north coast county of Spain.

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