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J Artif Organs. 2009;12(1):55-7. doi: 10.1007/s10047-008-0445-0. Epub 2009 Mar 29.

Pannus overgrowth after mitral valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards pericardial bioprosthesis.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan. oda@st-mary-med.or.jp

Abstract

A Carpentier-Edwards pericardial (CEP) bioprosthesis was explanted from an 81-year-old woman due to nonstructural dysfunction 9 years after mitral valve replacement. The nonstructural dysfunction produced severe regurgitation in the mitral position. During the surgery, excessive pannus overgrowth was seen on the left ventricular side of the CEP bioprosthesis. Pannus overgrowth was prominent on one leaflet. That leaflet was stiff and shortened due to the excessive overgrowth of pannus. In this patient, the distortion of one leaflet was the main reason for transvalvular leakage of the CEP bioprosthesis in the mitral position. A new CEP bioprosthesis was implanted in the mitral position. Pathological analysis revealed fibrotic pannus with a small amount of cellular material over the leaflets of the resected CEP valve. This change was marked on the distorted leaflet.

PMID:
19330506
DOI:
10.1007/s10047-008-0445-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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