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J Biol Chem. 2009 May 29;284(22):14921-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808355200. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Changes in sodium pump expression dictate the effects of ouabain on cell growth.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.

Abstract

Here we show that ouabain-induced cell growth regulation is intrinsically coupled to changes in the cellular amount of Na/K-ATPase via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Ouabain increases the endocytosis and degradation of Na/K-ATPase in LLC-PK1, human breast (BT20), and prostate (DU145) cancer cells. However, ouabain stimulates the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and consequently up-regulates the expression of Na/K-ATPase in LLC-PK1 but not BT20 and DU145 cells. This up-regulation is sufficient to replete the plasma membrane pool of Na/K-ATPase and to stimulate cell proliferation in LLC-PK1 cells. On the other hand, ouabain causes a gradual depletion of Na/K-ATPase and an increased expression of cell cycle inhibitor p21(cip), which consequently inhibits cell proliferation in BT20 and DU145 cells. Consistently, we observe that small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of Na/K-ATPase is sufficient to induce the expression of p21(cip) and slow the proliferation of LLC-PK1 cells. Moreover, this knockdown converts the growth stimulatory effect of ouabain to growth inhibition in LLC-PK1 cells. Mechanistically, both Src and caveolin-1 are required for ouabain-induced activation of Akt and up-regulation of Na/K-ATPase. Furthermore, inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway by rapamycin completely blocks ouabain-induced expression of Na/K-ATPase and converts ouabain-induced growth stimulation to growth inhibition in LLC-PK1 cells. Taken together, we conclude that changes in the expression of Na/K-ATPase dictate the growth regulatory effects of ouabain on cells.

PMID:
19329430
PMCID:
PMC2685674
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M808355200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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