Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2009 May 29;284(22):14921-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808355200. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Changes in sodium pump expression dictate the effects of ouabain on cell growth.

Author information

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.


Here we show that ouabain-induced cell growth regulation is intrinsically coupled to changes in the cellular amount of Na/K-ATPase via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Ouabain increases the endocytosis and degradation of Na/K-ATPase in LLC-PK1, human breast (BT20), and prostate (DU145) cancer cells. However, ouabain stimulates the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and consequently up-regulates the expression of Na/K-ATPase in LLC-PK1 but not BT20 and DU145 cells. This up-regulation is sufficient to replete the plasma membrane pool of Na/K-ATPase and to stimulate cell proliferation in LLC-PK1 cells. On the other hand, ouabain causes a gradual depletion of Na/K-ATPase and an increased expression of cell cycle inhibitor p21(cip), which consequently inhibits cell proliferation in BT20 and DU145 cells. Consistently, we observe that small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of Na/K-ATPase is sufficient to induce the expression of p21(cip) and slow the proliferation of LLC-PK1 cells. Moreover, this knockdown converts the growth stimulatory effect of ouabain to growth inhibition in LLC-PK1 cells. Mechanistically, both Src and caveolin-1 are required for ouabain-induced activation of Akt and up-regulation of Na/K-ATPase. Furthermore, inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway by rapamycin completely blocks ouabain-induced expression of Na/K-ATPase and converts ouabain-induced growth stimulation to growth inhibition in LLC-PK1 cells. Taken together, we conclude that changes in the expression of Na/K-ATPase dictate the growth regulatory effects of ouabain on cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center