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Neurobiol Aging. 2011 Feb;32(2):280-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2009.02.021. Epub 2009 Mar 28.

Progressive neuropathology and cognitive decline in a single Arctic APP transgenic mouse model.

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Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Alzheimer Center (KASPAC), Sweden.


The Arctic APP mutation (E693G) leads to dementia with clinical features similar to Alzheimer disease (AD), but little is known about the pathogenic mechanism of this mutation. To address this question, we have generated a transgenic mouse model, TgAPParc, with neuron-specific expression of human APP with the Arctic mutation (hAPParc). Heterozygous mice from two separate founder lines with different levels of expression of hAPParc were analyzed with respect to brain morphology and behavior every 3 months until the age of 18 months. Standard histological stainings and immunohistochemistry using a panel of Aβ antibodies showed an age- and dose-dependant progression of amyloid deposition in the brain, starting in the subiculum and spreading to the thalamus. Cognitive behavioral testing revealed deficits in hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and memory in the Barnes maze test. This study demonstrates that the Arctic APP mutation is sufficient to cause amyloid deposition and cognitive dysfunction, and thus the TgAPParc mouse model provides a valuable tool to study the effect of the Arctic mutation in vivo without possible confounding effect of other APP mutations.

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