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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Jul;1787(7):794-801. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.03.013. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Postconditioning induces an anti-apoptotic effect and preserves mitochondrial integrity in isolated rat hearts.

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1
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.

Erratum in

  • Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Apr-May;1847(4-5):493-4.

Abstract

Postconditioning (PostC) may limit mitochondrial damage and apoptotic signaling. We studied markers of apoptosis and mitochondrial protection in isolated rat hearts, which underwent a) perfusion without ischemia (Sham), b) 30-min ischemia (I) plus 2-hour reperfusion (R), or c) PostC protocol (5 intermittent cycles of 10-s reperfusion and 10-s ischemia immediately after the 30-min ischemia). Markers were studied in cytosolic (CF) and/or mitochondrial (MF) fractions. In CF, while pro-apoptotic factors (cytochrome c and caspase-3) were reduced, the anti-apoptotic markers (Bcl-2 and Pim-1) were increased by PostC, compared to the I/R group. Accordingly, phospho-GSK-3beta and Bcl-2 levels increased in mitochondria of PostC group. Moreover, I/R reduced the level of mitochondrial structural protein (HSP-60) in MF and increased in CF, thus suggesting mitochondrial damage and HSP-60 release in cytosol, which were prevented by PostC. Electron microscopy confirmed that I/R markedly damaged cristae and mitochondrial membranes; damage was markedly reduced by PostC. Finally, total connexin-43 (Cx43) levels were reduced in the CF of the I/R group, whereas phospho-Cx43 level resulted in higher levels in the MF of the I/R group than the Sham group. PostC limited the I/R-induced increase of mitochondrial phospho-Cx43. Data suggest that PostC i) increases the levels of anti-apoptotic markers, including the cardioprotective kinase Pim-1, ii) decreases the pro-apoptotic markers, e.g. cytochrome c, iii) preserves the mitochondrial structure, and iv) limits the migration of phospho-Cx43 to mitochondria.

PMID:
19328770
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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