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Gastrointest Endosc. 2009 Apr;69(4):935-40. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2008.08.043.

Overtube-balloon-assisted direct peroral cholangioscopy by using an ultra-slim upper endoscope (with videos).

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Digestive Disease Center, Soon Chun Hyang University School of Medicine, Bucheon and Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The "mother-baby" endoscope system currently used for peroral cholangioscopy (POC) has several limitations. Endoscopic direct cholangioscopy when using an ultra-slim upper endoscope with a guidewire to maintain access has been reported, but appropriate accessories are required to increase the success rate. Herein, we describe a novel method, overtube-balloon-assisted endoscopy, for direct POC.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of direct POC when using an ultra-slim upper endoscope with an overtube balloon to maintain access.

SETTING:

A single center.

DESIGN:

Case series.

PATIENTS:

Twelve patients with biliary disease.

INTERVENTIONS:

Direct POC by using an ultra-slim upper endoscope and diagnostic and/or therapeutic procedures.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Success rate of this technique, diagnostic or therapeutic feasibility, and complications.

RESULTS:

Overtube-balloon-assisted direct POC was performed successfully in 10 of 12 patients (83.3%). The procedure revealed 4 common bile duct (CBD) stones, 4 benign biliary strictures, 1 polypoid tumor, and 1 cholangiocarcinoma. Five patients underwent forceps biopsy under direct visualization of the intraductal lesion. Laser lithotripsy was successfully performed in 1 patient. No procedure-related complication occurred.

LIMITATIONS:

A small number of patients and no comparison with conventional cholangioscopy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The overtube balloon appears to be a useful accessory in direct POC when using an ultra-slim upper endoscope. However, further development of a slim overtube or other accessories is necessary to improve the success rate of direct POC.

PMID:
19327480
DOI:
10.1016/j.gie.2008.08.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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