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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Nov 5;1086(2):185-90.

Characterization of pulmonary surfactant protein D: its copurification with lipids.

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Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical College, Japan.


Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a collagenous surfactant associated protein synthesized by alveolar type II cells. SP-D was purified from the supernatant of rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluids obtained by centrifugation at 33,000 x gav for 16 h. The contents of SP-D and SP-A in fractions obtained by the centrifugation of rat bronchoalveolar lavage were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The total content of SP-D was approximately 12% of that of SP-A in these lavage fluids. 99.1% of SP-A was present in the 33,000g pellet, whereas 71.1% of SP-D was in the 33,000g supernatant. Analysis by high performance liquid chromatography reveals that lipids are copurified with isolated SP-D. Phosphatidylcholine accounted for 84.8% of the phospholipids copurified with SP-D. Unlike SP-A, SP-D in the purified and delipidated form failed to compete with 125I-labeled SP-A for phosphatidylcholine binding, and to aggregate phospholipid liposomes. The present study demonstrates that lipids are copurified with SP-D, that SP-D and SP-A distribute differently in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, and that SP-D in the purified and delipidated form does not exhibit interaction with lipids in the same fashion as SP-A.

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