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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Oct 25;1080(2):126-34.

X-ray crystallographic conformational study of 5'-O-[N-(L-alanyl)-sulfamoyl]adenosine, a substrate analogue for alanyl-tRNA synthetase.

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Department of Physical Chemistry, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan.


In order to elucidate the substrate specificity of alanyl-tRNA synthetase, 5'-O-[N-(L-alanyl)sulfamoyl]adenosine (Ala-SA), an analogue of alanyl-AMP, was chemically synthesized. Its binding ability is similar to that of the substrate based on the inhibitory activity for the aminoacylation of alanyl-tRNA synthetase. Taking advantage of the stable sulfamoyl bond of Ala-Sa, compared with the highly labile aminoacyl bond of alanyl-AMP, the molecular conformation of the former inhibitor was studied by X-ray single crystal analysis. Crystal data are as follows: C13H19N7O7S.2H2O, space group C2, a = 39.620(6), b = 5.757(1), c = 20.040(3) A, beta = 117.2(1) degrees, V = 4065(9) A3, Z = 8, and final R = 0.065 for 2785 independent reflections of F(2)0 greater than or equal to 2 sigma (F0)2. In the crystal, the molecule is in a zwitterionic state with the terminal amino group protonated and sulfamoyl group deprotonated, and takes an open conformation, where the L-alanine moiety is located far from the adenosine moiety with gauche/trans and trans orientations about the exocyclic C(4')-C(5') and C(5')-O(5') bonds, respectively. The conformation of the adenosine moiety is anti for the glycosyl bond and C(3')-endo for the ribose puckering, and alanine is in the usually observed trans region for the psi torsion angle. The molecular dimensions of the sulfamoyl group are nearly the same as those of the phosphate group. The biological significance of the observed Ala-SA conformation is discussed in relation with the molecular conformation of tyrosyl-AMP complexed with tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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