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Ann Saudi Med. 2009 Mar-Apr;29(2):91-7.

Recurrence of hepatitis C virus genotype-4 infection following orthotopic liver transplantation: natural history and predictors of outcome.

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1
Department of Liver Transplatation, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

There are few reports on hepatitis C virus genotype 4 (HCV-4) recurrences after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Therefore, we undertook a study to determine the epidemiological, clinical and virological characteristics of patients with biopsy-proven recurrent HCV infection and analyzed the factors that influence recurrent disease severity. We also compared disease recurrence and outcomes between HCV-4 and other genotypes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

All patients who underwent OLT (locally or abroad) for HCV related hepatic cirrrhosis from 1991 to 2006 and had recurrent HCV infection were identified. Clinical, laboratory and pathological data before and after OLT were collected and analyzed.

RESULTS:

Of 116 patients who underwent OLT for hepatitis C, 46 (39.7%) patients satisfied the criteria of recurrrent hepatitis C. Twenty-nine (63%) patients were infected with HCV genotype 4. Mean (SD) for age was 54.9 (10.9) years. Nineteen of the HCV genotype 4 patients (65.5%) were males, 21 (72.4%) received deceased donor grafts, and 7 (24.1%) developed > or =1 acute rejection episodes. Pathologically, 7 (24.1%) and 4 (13.8%) patients had inflammation grade 3-4 and fibrosis stage 3-4, respectively. Follow-up biopsy in 9 (31%) HCV genotype 4 patients showed stable, worse and improved fibrosis stage in 5, 2 and 2 patients, respectively. Of the 7 patients in the recurrent HCV group who died, 6 were infected with genotype 4 and 4 of them died of HCV-related disease.

CONCLUSION:

This analysis suggests that HCV recurrence following OLT in HCV-4 patients is not significantly different from its recurrence for other genotypes.

PMID:
19318754
PMCID:
PMC2813634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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