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J Immunother (1991). 1991 Aug;10(4):286-91.

Induction of cytokine production from human monocytes stimulated with alginate.

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Institute of Cancer Research, University of Trondheim, Norway.


Alginates are polysaccharides with gel-forming properties composed of 1,4-linked beta-D-mannuronic acid (M), alpha-L-guluronic acid (G), and alternating (MG) blocks. Alginate can be used as a matrix for implanted cells in vivo. In this study, we have examined the ability of alginates and their components to stimulate human monocytes to produce tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1. Alginates stimulated the monocytes to produce high levels of all three cytokines. Low G alginates were approximately 10 times more potent in inducing cytokine production compared with high G alginates. The M-blocks and the MG-blocks, but not the G-blocks, stimulated the cytokine production. The results demonstrate that the mannuronic acid residues are the active cytokine inducers in alginates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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