Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 1;15(7):2311-22. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-2533. Epub 2009 Mar 24.

Phosphorylation of the SRC epithelial substrate Trask is tightly regulated in normal epithelia but widespread in many human epithelial cancers.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0875, USA.



The frequently elevated activities of the c-src and c-yes products in human epithelial tumors suggest that these activated tyrosine kinases have tumorigenic functions analogous to the v-src and v-yes oncogene products. Studies of v-src-transformed fibroblasts have identified many of the effectors of this potent oncogene; however, because c-src and c-yes lack the mutational and promiscuous activities of their retroviral oncogene homologues, their presumptive tumorigenic functions in human epithelial tumors are more subtle, less well-defined, and await identification of possible effectors more directly relevant to epithelial cells.


We recently identified a transmembrane glycoprotein named Trask that is expressed in epithelial tissues but not fibroblasts and is phosphorylated by SRC kinases in mitotic epithelial cells. In this study, we have surveyed the expression and phosphorylation of Trask in many human epithelial cancer cell lines and surgical tissues and tumors.


Trask is widely expressed in human epithelial tissues, but its phosphorylation is tightly regulated and restricted to detached mitotic cells or cells undergoing physiologic shedding. However, abberant Trask phosphorylation is seen in many epithelial tumors from all stages including preinvasive, invasive, and metastatic tumors. Trask phosphorylation requires SRC kinases, and is also aberrantly hyperphosphorylated in the SRC-activated PyMT mouse epithelial tumors and dephosphorylated by the SRC inhibitor treatment of these tumors.


The widespread phosphorylation of Trask in many human epithlelial cancers identifies a new potential effector of SRC kinases in human epithelial tumorigenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center