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Health Serv Res. 2009 Apr;44(2 Pt 1):501-18. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2008.00914.x.

Effects of survey mode, patient mix, and nonresponse on CAHPS hospital survey scores.

Author information

1
RAND, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, USA. elliott@rand.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the need for survey mode adjustments to hospital care evaluations by discharged inpatients and develop the appropriate adjustments.

DATA SOURCE:

A total of 7,555 respondents from a 2006 national random sample of 45 hospitals who completed the CAHPS Hospital (HCAHPS [Hospital Consumer Assessments of Healthcare Providers and Systems]) Survey.

STUDY DESIGN/DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS:

We estimated mode effects in linear models that predicted each HCAHPS outcome from hospital-fixed effects and patient-mix adjustors.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Patients randomized to the telephone and active interactive voice response (IVR) modes provided more positive evaluations than patients randomized to mail and mixed (mail with telephone follow-up) modes, with some effects equivalent to more than 30 percentile points in hospital rankings. Mode effects are consistent across hospitals and are generally larger than total patient-mix effects. Patient-mix adjustment accounts for any nonresponse bias that could have been addressed through weighting.

CONCLUSIONS:

Valid comparisons of hospital performance require that reported hospital scores be adjusted for survey mode and patient mix.

PMID:
19317857
PMCID:
PMC2677051
DOI:
10.1111/j.1475-6773.2008.00914.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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