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Biomacromolecules. 2009 May 11;10(5):1265-9. doi: 10.1021/bm900089j.

Preparation of lactose-modified cellulose films by a nonaqueous enzymatic reaction and their biofunctional characteristics as a scaffold for cell culture.

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Department of Forest and Forest Products Sciences, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.


Enzymatic glyco-modification of transparent cellulose films with lactose was achieved by nonaqueous biocatalysis, and rat hepatocyte attachment behavior to the lactose-modified cellulose films was investigated. Regenerated cellulose films were incubated with lactose using a surfactant-enveloped cellulase in lithium chloride/dimethylacetamide solvent at 37 degrees C for 24 h, and lactose molecules were successfully introduced to the cellulose films. The initial cell adhesion on the lactose-modified cellulose films was superior to the original cellulose film. In the absence of serum, hepatocytes were significantly attached only on the lactose-modified cellulose films. This process was markedly suppressed by the addition of free lactose as an inhibitor. These results suggest that such cell adhesion proceeded through a direct interaction between galactose residues on the cellulose films and asialoglycoprotein receptors on the rat liver cell surface. This novel approach for surface glyco-modification of a cellulose matrix and its biofunctional properties are expected to provide potential application as a bioactive scaffold for cell culture engineering.

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