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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2009 Apr;21(4):430-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2009.01282.x.

Oxytocin receptor expressed on the smooth muscle mediates the excitatory effect of oxytocin on gastric motility in rats.

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1
Department of Physiology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Jinan, China.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to localize oxytocin receptor (OTR) in the stomach and to investigate the effect of OT on gastric motility in rats. Western blot and immunohistochemistry methods were used to localize OTR in stomach. The motility of stomach was recorded in vivo (recording of the intragastric pressure), in vitro (recording of the contraction of muscle strips) and on isolated smooth muscle cells. OTR was expressed on cells of both circular and longitudinal muscle of stomach. Systemic administration of OT induced an early transient decrease and a subsequent increase on intragastric pressure. Devazepide (1 mg kg(-1), i.v.), a cholecystokinin-1 (CCK(1)) receptor antagonist, completely abolished the transient response but did not influence the subsequent one. OT (10(-9)-10(-6) mol L(-1)) dose-dependently increased the contraction of the muscle strips of gastric body, antrum, and pyloric sphincter, and decreased the average cell length of isolated smooth muscle cells. Tetrodotoxin and atropine did not influence the effect of OT on muscle strips. Pretreatment with atosiban, an OTR antagonist, inhibited the spontaneous contraction of muscle strips and abolished the excitatory effect of OT on the muscle strips and the isolated cells. These results suggest that the OTR is expressed on the smooth muscle of the stomach and mediates excitatory effect of OT on gastric motility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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