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J Med Chem. 2009 Apr 23;52(8):2328-40. doi: 10.1021/jm801228h.

5,7,8-Trimethyl-benzopyran and 5,7,8-trimethyl-1,4-benzoxazine aminoamide derivatives as novel antiarrhythmics against ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Author information

1
Institute of Organic and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48 Vas. Constantinou Avenue, 116 35 Athens, Greece.

Abstract

6-Hydroxy-5,7,8-trimethyl-benzopyran derivatives and 5,7,8-trimethyl-1,4-benzoxazine analogues substituted by the lidocaine pharmacophore aminoamide functionality at C4 or N4, respectively, were synthesized and evaluated against arrhythmias associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury. The antiarrhythmic effect of substitutents at positions C2 and C6 was examined. Six out of the 11 new derivatives, exhibited arrhythmia scores 1.0-1.3 versus the control (4.5 +/- 1.2), which was also reflected to the % premature beats (0.5-3.9), control (13.7 +/- 3.6). Selected compounds were further studied by a conventional microelectrode method. 2-Diethylamino-1-(5,7,8-trimethyl-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-benzo[1,4]oxazin-4-yl)-ethanone (50) and the trolox-inspired 4-(2-diethylamino-acetyl)-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[1,4]oxazine-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (62) suppress reperfusion arrhythmias and reduce malondialdehyde (MDA) content, leading to a fast recovery of the heart after ischemia-reperfusion. They exhibit combined class IB and class III antiarrhythmic properties, which constitutes them as promising compounds for further studies because, due to their multichannel "amiodarone like" effect, less proarrhythmic complications can be expected.

PMID:
19309156
DOI:
10.1021/jm801228h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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