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Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Jul;39(7):677-84. doi: 10.1007/s00247-009-1213-x. Epub 2009 Mar 24.

Imaging findings in 512 children following all-terrain vehicle injuries.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Radiology, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, AR, USA. shahchetanc@uams.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Injuries related to all-terrain vehicle (ATV) use by children have increased in recent years, and the pattern of these injuries is not well known among radiologists.

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to identify different radiologically diagnosed injuries in children suffering ATV-related trauma and determine associations among various injuries as well as between injuries and outcome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study included 512 consecutive children suffering from ATV injuries treated at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. All imaging studies were reviewed and correlated with injury frequency and outcome using multivariate analysis.

RESULTS:

Head injuries occurred in 244 children (48%) and in five of six deaths. Calvarial skull fractures occurred in 104 children and were associated with brain, subdural and epidural injuries. Brain and orbit injuries were associated with long-term disability. A total of 227 extremity fractures were present in 172 children (34%). The femur was the most commonly fractured bone. Nine children had partial foot amputations. Multiorgan injuries occurred in nearly half of the 97 children with torso injuries. Determinants for long-term disability or death were head injuries (odds ratio 3.4) and extremity fractures (odds ratio 3.3).

CONCLUSION:

Head and extremity injuries are the two most common injuries in children suffering ATV injuries and are associated with long-term disability. ATV use by children is dangerous and is a significant threat to child safety.

PMID:
19308368
DOI:
10.1007/s00247-009-1213-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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