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Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;17(4):299-307. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e31818f3a52.

Engagement in persons with dementia: the concept and its measurement.

Author information

1
Research Institute on Aging, Charles E. Smith Life Communities, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. cohen-mansfield@hebrew-home.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this article is to delineate the underlying premises of the concept of engagement in persons with dementia and present a new theoretical framework of engagement.

SETTING/SUBJECTS:

The sample included 193 residents of seven Maryland nursing homes. All participants had a diagnosis of dementia.

METHODOLOGY:

The authors describe a model of factors that affect engagement of persons with dementia. Moreover, the authors present the psychometric qualities of an assessment designed to capture the dimensions of engagement (Observational Measurement of Engagement). Finally, the authors detail plans for future research and data analyses that are currently underway.

DISCUSSION:

This article lays the foundation for a new theoretical framework concerning the mechanisms of interactions between persons with cognitive impairment and environmental stimuli. Additionally, the study examines what factors are associated with interest and negative and positive feelings in engagement.

PMID:
19307858
PMCID:
PMC2684326
DOI:
10.1097/JGP.0b013e31818f3a52
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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