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Scand J Rheumatol. 2009;38(4):276-81. doi: 10.1080/03009740802572483.

High-resolution melting analysis for the rapid detection of an intronic single nucleotide polymorphism in SLC22A12 in male patients with primary gout in China.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, P. R. China.



The human urate transporter 1 (URAT1, encoded by SLC22A12) was recently identified as the major absorptive urate transporter protein in the kidney responsible for regulating blood urate levels. The present study was designed to investigate the rs893006 polymorphism (GG, GT, and TT) in SLC22A12 in a total of 292 Chinese male subjects. Differences of clinical characteristics among the genotype groups were analysed.


A total of 124 consecutive patients with diagnosis of primary gout and 168 healthy male volunteers were enrolled in this study. Demographic and clinical data were obtained from the patients and controls. DNA was purified from peripheral blood and the rs893006 polymorphism was determined with sequencing analysis. In addition, DNA samples were detected by high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis. Melting curves were analysed as fluorescence difference plots. The shift and curve shapes of melting profiles were used to distinguish the different genotypes.


GG, GT, and TT genotypes were unambiguously distinguished with HRM technology. Genotyping based on HRM analysis was fully concordant with the sequencing. Serum uric acid levels in the TT genotype subjects were significantly lower than those in the GG and GT genotypes. However, no differences among the groups were found in body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, creatinine, total cholesterol, and triglycerides. The TT genotype was observed more frequently among the low uric acid group than the high uric acid group.


HRM analysis is a simple, rapid and accurate one-tube assay for genotyping the SLCSSA12 gene. The rs893006 polymorphism in SLC22CA12 was confirmed to be a genetic risk for hyperuricaemia among the Chinese male population.

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