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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2009 Mar;33 Suppl 1:S42-5. doi: 10.1016/S0924-8579(09)70016-0.

Clostridium difficile is no longer just a nosocomial infection or an infection of adults.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, The Medical University of Warsaw, 5 Chalubinski Street, Warsaw, Poland. hpituch@wum.edu.pl

Abstract

Clostridium difficile is the main cause of nosocomial gastrointestinal disorders. Historically, C. difficile has usually affected older patients, hospital inpatients, and long-term care facility residents. Recent reports suggest that the occurrence and severity of C. difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is increasing in populations previously considered to be at low risk of the infection, and increasing numbers of community-acquired cases of CDAD are being reported. Risk factors for CDAD in paediatric patients include disruption of the normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract (antibiotic-associated and non-antibiotic-associated), age, immune status, diet, underlying conditions, concurrent infections, and cancer. CDAD in populations previously thought to be at low risk is an emerging problem.

PMID:
19303569
DOI:
10.1016/S0924-8579(09)70016-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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