1. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Jun;15(2):196-201. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.03.012. Epub
2009 Apr 16.

Individual, seizure-related, and psychosocial predictors of depressive symptoms
among people with epilepsy over six months.

Reisinger EL(1), DiIorio C.

Author information: 
(1)Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of
Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, GCR Building, 5th floor,
Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. ereisin@sph.emory.edu

Depression is the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric disorder among people
with epilepsy. A variety of risk factors for depression among people with
epilepsy have been identified; however, few studies have examined these risk
factors over time. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the
relationship between demographic characteristics, seizure-related factors, and
psychosocial factors and depressive symptoms over 6 months. Three hundred and
nineteen adults with epilepsy completed three surveys at 3-month intervals.
Multiple linear regression was used with the baseline variables to predict
depressive symptoms at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Employment status,
social support, and stigma emerged as predictors of depressive symptoms at all
three time points. Other factors that predicted depression symptoms in one or two
time points were self-management, financial strain, and activity restriction due 
to seizures. The results indicate that multiple factors influence depressive
symptoms among people with epilepsy.

DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.03.012 
PMCID: PMC2693361
PMID: 19303457  [Indexed for MEDLINE]