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Dis Esophagus. 2010 Jan;23(1):36-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2009.00960.x. Epub 2009 Mar 17.

p53 Arg72Pro, MDM2 T309G and CCND1 G870A polymorphisms are not associated with susceptibility to esophageal adenocarcinoma.

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Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Department of Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


p53 Arg72Pro, MDM2 T309G, and CCND1 G870A are functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key genes that regulate apoptosis and cell cycle. Variant genotypes of these SNPs have been associated with increased risk and earlier age of onset in some cancers. We investigated the association of these SNPs with susceptibility to esophageal adenocarcinoma in a large, North American case-control study. Three hundred and twelve cases and 454 cancer-free controls recruited in Boston, USA were genotyped for each of the three SNPs, and demographic and clinical data were collected. Genotype frequencies for each of the three SNPs did not deviate from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and did not differ between cases and controls. Odds ratios (OR), adjusted for clinical risk factors, for the homozygous variant genotypes were 0.99 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-1.72) for p53 Pro/Pro, 0.81 (95% CI 0.52-1.28) for MDM2 G/G, and 0.97 (95% CI 0.64-1.49) for CCND1 A/A. The analysis was adequately powered (80%) to detect ORs of 1.37, 1.35, and 1.34 for each SNP, respectively. In contrast to the results of smaller published studies, no association between p53 Arg72Pro, MDM2 T309G, and CCND1 G870A SNPs and susceptibility to esophageal adenocarcinoma, age of onset, or stage of disease at diagnosis was detected.

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