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J Trauma Stress. 2009 Apr;22(2):122-30. doi: 10.1002/jts.20400.

Self-reported health and physician diagnosed illnesses in women with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder.

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Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 116B, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA.


Posttraumatic stress disorder has been associated with poor physical health. Depression is also associated with poor health, and may be responsible for the apparent relationship between PTSD and health outcomes. The current study examined self-reported and physician diagnosed medical morbidity in women. Women with PTSD alone were compared to three other groups of women: women with PTSD and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), women with MDD only, or women with neither diagnosis (comparison group). Results suggest that PTSD, with or without MDD, is associated with poor health in women. Posttraumatic stress disorder severity was related to health complaints beyond the effects of both somatization and depressive symptoms among women with PTSD. Findings and implications are discussed in relation to previous research in the area.

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