Send to

Choose Destination
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul;247(7):919-27. doi: 10.1007/s00417-009-1066-x. Epub 2009 Mar 20.

Suppression of retinal neovascularization by the iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine in mice of oxygen-induced retinopathy.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.



Retinal neovascularization (NV) is a major cause of blindness associated with ischemic retinal disorders. Our study was focused on evaluating the inhibitory effect of aminoguanidine (AG), an inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), on retinal NV in mice of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR).


An OIR model was established with 7-day-old C57BL/6J mice. One day before and 1 and 3 days after being returned to the room air, the right eyes were injected intravitreally with bevacizumab, AG or bevacizumab+AG respectively. The left eyes were injected with normal saline (NS) as control. The mice were killed at postnatal day 17 (P17). The effects of AG or bevacizumab on iNOS or VEGF expressions were evaluated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Retinal NV was examined by fluorescein angiography, and was quantified histologically by CD34 immnunostaining at P17.


Compared with NS-treated eyes, retinal VEGF and iNOS mRNA expressions were significantly reduced in AG- and bevacizumab+AG-treated eyes; whereas in bevacizumab-treated eyes, retinal VEGF mRNA expression increased and iNOS mRNA expression remained unchanged. The above changes were confirmed by immunohistochemical study. The generalized decrease in both VEGF and iNOS distributions in mice retina treated with AG or bevacizumab+AG was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. Retinal NV was significantly reduced in all three groups treated with bevacizumab, AG or bevacizumab+AG, when compared with NS-treated eyes.


iNOS activation plays a pathological role in retinal NV in a mouse model of ischemic retinopathy. Administration of AG significantly suppressed retinal NV. Therefore, AG appears to be a novel and effective therapeutic approach for retinal NV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center