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Am J Hypertens. 2009 Jun;22(6):680-6. doi: 10.1038/ajh.2009.56. Epub 2009 Mar 19.

Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation enhances antihypertensive effect of ramipril in Chinese patients with obesity-related hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Internal Medicine, Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a group of positional and geometrical conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid. Our aim was to investigate the effect of 8-week dietary CLA supplementation on blood pressure, concentrations of plasma adiponecin, leptin, and as well as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in obese hypertensive subjects.

METHODS:

Eighty obese individuals with stage 1 uncontrolled essential hypertension were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomized to a daily dose of 4.5 g/day CLA (nine 0.5-g capsules; a 50:50 isomer blend of c 9,t 11 and t 10,c 12 CLA) with 37.5 mg/day ramipril (group 1) or placebo with 37.5 mg/day ramipril (group 2) for 8 weeks. Baseline and endpoint systolic BP, diastolic BP, and concentrations of plasma adiponecin, leptin, angiotensinogen, and ACE activity were measured.

RESULTS:

Treatment with CLA significantly enhanced the reduction effect of ramipril on systolic BP and diastolic BP (P < 0.05). It also increased plasma adiponectin concentration (P < 0.05) and decreased plasma concentrations of leptin and angiotensinogen (P < 0.05); however, significant change was not observed in ACE activity.

CONCLUSIONS:

An 8-week long supplementation of CLA enhanced the effect of ramipril on blood pressure reduction in treated obese hypertensive patients. The antihypertensive effect of CLA might be related to the changed secretion of hypertensive adipocytokines in plasma.

PMID:
19300423
DOI:
10.1038/ajh.2009.56
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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