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Haemophilia. 2009 May;15(3):695-700. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2009.01990.x. Epub 2008 Feb 27.

Physical activity participation and bleeding characteristics in young patients with severe haemophilia.

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1
Department of Physical Therapy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

Patients with haemophilia are now widely advised to participate in sport activities. However, no extensive data are available about their actual participation. The aim of this study was to describe the type; intensity and duration of leisure time physical activity (PA) among young patients with severe hemophilia and to assess whether there are differences in bleeding profile and muscle strength in related to activity intensity. Forty-four boys (ages 12-25 years) with severe haemophilia were studied. PA was assessed by the Godin and Shephard (G&S) questionnaire. Bleeding profile was determined based on a one month diary filled by each patient. Muscle strength of the lower limbs muscles was assessed using a hand held dynamometer. Only three subjects did not perform any PA. Twenty-five of the participants performed strenuous PA at least once a week. An inverse, moderate association (r(p) =-0.45, P < 0.002) was found between the G&S score and age. There were no significant differences in bleeding frequency or pain but a significant difference in the cause of bleed was found: those who exercised strenuously showed a higher proportion of bleeds due to traumatic reasons (P < 0.01). No differences in muscle strength values were noted in related to activity intensity also no linear association was noted between muscle strength and bleeding profile. Further investigation, including prospective studies, is needed in order to assess the temporal sequencing between training and the occurrence of bleeds and bleeds cause.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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