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Mycoses. 2010 May;53(3):215-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2008.01688.x. Epub 2009 Feb 26.

Photodynamic inactivation of Candida albicans by BAM-SiPc.

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Department of Biochemistry, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.


Photodynamic therapy is a treatment that combines the use of three non-toxic components, viz. photosensitiser, light and oxygen to cause localised oxidative photodamage. In the present study, the antifungal effect of the photosensitiser, BAM-SiPc, an unsymmetrical bisamino phthalocyanine, was investigated. BAM-SiPc was effective in photo-inactivating Candida albicans in a dose-dependent manner. The cell viability as determined by the clonogenic assay was reduced to c. 10% at 0.02 micromol l(-1) BAM-SiPc with a total fluence of 12 J cm(-2) at a cell density of 10(7) cells ml(-1). A short incubation time of 5-15 min was sufficient to allow the photosensitiser to exert its optimal antifungal activity. Microscopical analysis showed that BAM-SiPc was effectively internalised by the fungal cells. Photodynamic treatment led to an increase in the intracellular reactive oxygen species level and disturbed the membrane integrity of the fungal cells.

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