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J Pediatr Urol. 2009 Jun;5(3):221-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2009.02.195. Epub 2009 Mar 17.

"Open" minimally invasive surgery in pediatric urology.

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Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.


Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) offers alternative operative approaches to standard open surgical techniques. However, MIS has been defined primarily as substituting laparoendoscopic alternatives for the traditional open surgical approach. The concept of MIS methodology may also be applied to open surgery in an effort to decrease incision size, potentially reduce morbidity and enhance convalescence, without compromising 'gold standard' outcomes. Pediatric urological applications of open MIS include pediatric renal surgery, ureteral reimplantation, ureteral surgery, inguinal-scrotal and genital surgery. A thorough review of the pediatric urology literature was performed and studies were identified describing open MIS, including outcomes and complications.

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