Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Jun;85(6):615-22. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2009.27. Epub 2009 Mar 18.

Personalized dosing of cyclophosphamide in the total body irradiation-cyclophosphamide conditioning regimen: a phase II trial in patients with hematologic malignancy.

Author information

1
Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA. jmccune@u.washington.edu

Abstract

This study investigates the efficacy and safety of personalized cyclophosphamide (CY) dosing in 50 patients receiving CY along with total body irradiation (TBI). Participants received CY 45 mg/kg with subsequent therapeutic drug monitoring using Bayesian parameter estimation to personalize the second CY dose to a target area under the curve (AUC) for carboxyethylphosphoramide mustard (CEPM) (a reporter molecule for CY-derived toxins) and for hydroxycyclophosphamide (to ensure engraftment). The mean second CY dose was 66 mg/kg; the total dose ranged from 45 to 145 mg/kg. After completion of this phase II study, we compared participants' clinical outcomes with those of concurrent controls (n = 100) who received TBI along with standard CY doses of 120 mg/kg. Patients receiving personalized CY dosing had significantly lower postconditioning peak total serum bilirubin (P = 0.03); a 38% reduction in the hazard of acute kidney injury (AKI) (P = 0.03); and nonrelapse and overall survival rates similar to those in the controls (P = 0.70 and 0.63, respectively) despite the lower doses of CY administered to most of the patients in the personalized dosage group.

PMID:
19295506
PMCID:
PMC2718578
DOI:
10.1038/clpt.2009.27
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center