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Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2009 Jan-Feb;17(1):33-5. doi: 10.1080/09273940802491892.

Herpes zoster keratouveitis and inflammatory ocular hypertension 8 years after varicella vaccination.

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Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.


More than 8 years after varicella vaccination, a healthy 16 year-old boy presented with keratouveitis, severe inflammatory glaucoma in his left eye, and Hutchinson's sign. He was treated with systemic acyclovir, topical steroids, cycloplegics, and glaucoma medications for a full recovery two months after presentation. It is unclear whether the source of herpes zoster which reactivated in this patient represents wild type virus or his previous vaccine strain. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus is very rare in the pediatric population after varicella vaccination but can cause severe inflammatory glaucoma that requires aggressive therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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