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Opt Express. 2009 Mar 16;17(6):4306-16.

Theoretical investigation of polarization-insensitive data format conversion of RZ-OOK to RZ-BPSK in a nonlinear birefringent fiber.

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  • 1The Laboratory for Physical Sciences (LPS), 8050 Greenmead Drive, College Park, MD 20740, USA.

Abstract

Polarization-insensitive conversion of return-to-zero (RZ) ON-OFF keying (RZ-OOK) to RZ binary phase-shift keying (RZ-BPSK) has been achieved by cross-phase modulation (XPM) in a nonlinear birefringent fiber. This work presents a theoretical analysis of the dependence of format conversion on pump-probe detuning, and the pump state-of-polarization (SOP) that can fluctuate unpredictably in a realistic system. An investigation of the impact of pump polarization fluctuation on receiver sensitivity and receiver optimal threshold for the converted RZ-BPSK probe is also carried out. It was found that although the desired XPM-induced pi phase shift can be achieved by launching both the RZ-OOK pump and the probe along the same birefringent axis of the fiber, the phase shift degrades to pi/3 if the SOP of the RZ-OOK pump unpredictably switches to the other axis of the fiber, resulting in a large receiver sensitivity penalty fluctuation of 14 dB. By contrast, launching the probe at 45 degrees relative to the birefringent axes can reduce the polarization-dependent receiver sensitivity penalty fluctuation to about 2 dB as the SOP of the RZ-OOK pump is swept over the Poincaré sphere. These conclusions are in good agreement with recently.

PMID:
19293855
[PubMed]
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