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Psychol Addict Behav. 2009 Mar;23(1):23-35. doi: 10.1037/a0014137.

Movie exposure to alcohol cues and adolescent alcohol problems: a longitudinal analysis in a national sample.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, USA.

Abstract

The authors tested a theoretical model of how exposure to alcohol cues in movies predicts level of alcohol use (ever use plus ever and recent binge drinking) and alcohol-related problems. A national sample of younger adolescents was interviewed by telephone with 4 repeated assessments spaced at 8-month intervals. A structural equation modeling analysis performed for ever-drinkers at Time 3 (N = 961) indicated that, controlling for a number of covariates, movie alcohol exposure at Time 1 was related to increases in peer alcohol use and adolescent alcohol use at Time 2. Movie exposure had indirect effects to alcohol use and problems at Times 3 and 4 through these pathways, with direct effects to problems from Time 1 rebelliousness and Time 2 movie exposure also found. Prospective risk-promoting effects were also found for alcohol expectancies, peer alcohol use, and availability of alcohol in the home; protective effects were found for mother's responsiveness and for adolescent's school performance and self-control. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

PMID:
19290687
PMCID:
PMC2805125
DOI:
10.1037/a0014137
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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