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Am J Vet Res. 1991 Aug;52(8):1350-6.

Quantitative evaluation of the remodeling response of the proximal sesamoid bones to training-related stimuli in Thoroughbreds.

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1
Department of Clinical Studies, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square 19346.

Abstract

Eight untrained 2-year-old Thoroughbred horses were used in a study of the remodeling response of the proximal sesamoid bone (PSB) to training-related stimuli. Two horses each were assigned to 1 of 4 groups: group 1, untrained, pasture turnout (control); group 2, modified-classically trained, dirt track; group 3, classically trained, dirt track; and group 4, classically trained, wood chip track. Horses were given fluorochromic bone labels every 28 days during training. All horses were euthanatized after 5 months of training, and the proximal sesamoid bones (PSB) were removed. A midsagittal section of bone 85- to 95-microns thick was prepared for histomorphometric analysis by use of computerized image analysis and epifluorescent microscopy. Porosity (percent), trabecular width (micrometer), extent of anisotropy (percent), mineralizing surface (percent), fractional mineralizing surface (percent), and mineral apposition rate (micrometers per day) were determined at 5 circular regions of each specimen. Region 1 was located within the apex of the PSB, regions 2, 3, and 4 were subjacent to the subchondral plate, and region 5 was within the basilar articular margin. Data were pooled to allow comparison by training group and by region. The PSB from horses trained on dirt tracks (groups 2 and 3) had significantly (P less than 0.05) lower porosities and greater trabecular width, compared with the control group. The PSB from all training group specimens had significantly larger mineralizing surfaces than control group specimens. The fractional mineralizing surface revealed a rapid and vigorous response of the endosteal surface of the PSB in horses trained on dirt tracks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1928920
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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