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Am J Health Promot. 2009 Mar-Apr;23(4):233-40. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.07061355.

Associations between general parenting styles and specific food-related parenting practices and children's food consumption.

Author information

1
Ghent University, Department of Public Health, Ghent, Belgium. carine.vereecken@ugent.be

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Explore the impact of general parenting style and specific food-related parenting practices on children's dietary habits.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study of sixth graders and their parents.

SETTING:

Data were gathered (in 2003) in 69 of 100 randomly selected elementary schools in Belgium.

SUBJECTS:

All sixth graders (N = 1957) were invited to participate; 82.4% of their parents gave consent and completed questionnaires, resulting in 1614 parent-child pairs.

MEASURES:

Children's consumption of breakfast, fruit, vegetables, soft drinks, and sweets was assessed by self-administered food frequency questionnaires. Parents completed questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, general parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, or neglecting) and specific food-related parenting practices (pressure, reward, encouragement through negotiation, catering on children's demands, permissiveness, avoiding negative modeling, and praise).

ANALYSIS:

Logistic regression analyses were performed, with general parenting style and specific food-related parenting practices as predictors and dietary habits as dependent variables, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and children's weight status.

RESULTS:

General parenting style did not show any significant impact on dietary habits. In contrast, the food-related parenting practice "encouragement through negotiation" showed a significant positive impact, whereas "pressure," "catering on demand," and "permissiveness" were practices with an unhealthy impact.

CONCLUSION:

Nutrition education programs that guide parents in firm but not coercive food parenting skills are likely to have a positive impact upon children's dietary habits.

PMID:
19288844
DOI:
10.4278/ajhp.07061355
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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