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Clin Psychol Rev. 2009 Jun;29(4):317-27. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.02.006. Epub 2009 Mar 4.

Inaccurate perception of asthma symptoms: a cognitive-affective framework and implications for asthma treatment.

Author information

1
Research group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

Inaccurate perception of respiratory symptoms is often found in asthma patients. Typically, patients who inaccurately perceive asthma symptoms are divided into underperceivers and overperceivers. In this paper we point out that this division is problematic. We argue that little evidence exists for a trait-like stability of under- and overperception and that accuracy of respiratory symptom perception is highly variable within persons and strongly influenced by contextual information. Particularly, expectancy and affective cues appear to have a powerful influence on symptom accuracy. Based on these findings and incorporating recent work on associative learning, attention and mental representations in anxiety and symptom perception, we propose a cognitive-affective model of symptom perception in asthma. The model can act as a framework to understand both normal perception as well as under- and overperception of asthma symptoms and can guide the development of affect-related interventions to improve perceptual accuracy, asthma control and quality of life in asthma patients.

PMID:
19285771
DOI:
10.1016/j.cpr.2009.02.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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