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Immunity. 2009 Mar 20;30(3):372-83. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2008.12.021. Epub 2009 Mar 12.

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate suppresses the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines via the phosphorylated c-Fos protein.

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Division of Molecular and Cellular Immunology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

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  • Immunity. 2009 Jul 17;31(1):170.


Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) suppresses innate immunity by inhibiting proinflammatory cytokine production from monocytic cells. Enhanced expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been suggested to be the mechanism of suppression. However, cAMP is still capable of suppressing production of the cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-12 in IL-10-deficient dendritic cells (DCs). Here, we demonstrated that the transcription factor c-Fos was responsible for the cAMP-mediated suppression of inflammatory cytokine production. c-Fos accumulated at high amounts in response to cAMP and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Overexpression of c-Fos suppressed LPS-induced cytokine production, whereas cAMP-mediated suppression of TNF-alpha and IL-12 was impaired in Fos(-/-) DCs or in RAW264.7 cells treated with c-Fos siRNA. c-Fos physically interacted with p65 protein and reduced the recruitment of p65 to the Tnf promoter. Multiple sites of c-Fos were phosphorylated by the IKKbeta protein. Thus, we propose that c-Fos is a substrate of IKKbeta and is responsible for the immunosuppressive effect of cAMP.

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