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Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Apr;84(4):468-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.02.009. Epub 2009 Mar 12.

Haplotype-sharing analysis implicates chromosome 7q36 harboring DPP6 in familial idiopathic ventricular fibrillation.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Genetics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation (IVF) is defined as spontaneous VF without any known structural or electrical heart disease. A family history is present in up to 20% of probands with the disorder, suggesting that at least a subset of IVF is hereditary. A genome-wide haplotype-sharing analysis was performed for identification of the responsible gene in three distantly related families in which multiple individuals died suddenly or were successfully resuscitated at young age. We identified a haplotype, on chromosome 7q36, that was conserved in these three families and was also shared by 7 of 42 independent IVF patients. The shared chromosomal segment harbors part of the DPP6 gene, which encodes a putative component of the transient outward current in the heart. We demonstrated a 20-fold increase in DPP6 mRNA levels in the myocardium of carriers as compared to controls. Clinical evaluation of 84 risk-haplotype carriers and 71 noncarriers revealed no ECG or structural parameters indicative of cardiac disease. Penetrance of IVF was high; 50% of risk-haplotype carriers experienced (aborted) sudden cardiac death before the age of 58 years. We propose DPP6 as a gene for IVF and increased DPP6 expression as the likely pathogenetic mechanism.

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