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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 May 1;382(2):381-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.03.030. Epub 2009 Mar 11.

Extracellular ATP-induced nuclear Ca2+ transient is mediated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors in mouse pancreatic beta-cells.

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National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.


Extracellular ATP (eATP) induces an intracellular Ca(2+) transient by activating phospholipase C (PLC)-associated P2X4 purinergic receptors, leading to production of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and subsequent Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores in mouse pancreatic beta-cells. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy, Ca(2+) indicator fluo-4 AM, and the cell permeable nuclear indicator Hoechst 33342, we examined the properties of eATP-induced Ca(2+) release in pancreatic beta-cell nuclei. eATP induced a higher nuclear Ca(2+) transient in pancreatic beta-cell nuclei than in the cytosol. After pretreatment with thapsigargin (TG), an inhibitor of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) pumps, the amplitude of eATP-induced Ca(2+) transients in the nucleus was still much higher than those in the cytosol. This effect of eATP was not altered by inhibition of either the plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) or the plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) by LaCl(3) or by replacement of Na(+) with N-Methyl-Glucosamine. eATP-induced nuclear Ca(2+) transients were abolished by a cell-permeable IP3R inhibitor, 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), but were not blocked by the ryanodine receptor (RyR) antagonist ryanodine. Immunofluorescence studies showed that IP3Rs are expressed on the nuclear envelope of pancreatic beta-cells. These results indicate that eATP triggers nuclear Ca(2+) transients by mobilizing a nuclear Ca(2+) store via nuclear IP3Rs.

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