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EuroIntervention. 2009 Jan;4(4):481-4.

Initial evidence for the return of coronary vasoreactivity following the absorption of bioabsorbable magnesium alloy coronary stents.

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1
Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate the endothelium independent coronary smooth muscle vasomotor function four months after implantation of magnesium alloy absorbable metal stents (AMS) as part of the Progress-AMS clinical trial (n = 5), compared with a control group of patients implanted with permanent metal stents (PMS) (n = 10) undergoing follow-up angiography, but who were free from angiographic restenosis.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Quantitative coronary angiogram (QCA) using an automated edge detection system was performed before and after the administration of 2 mg intracoronary isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN). The vessel diameter was measured at 0.2 mm intervals throughout the stented segments and a 1 cm proximal reference segment. The cross sectional area (CSA) was calculated before and after the ISDN, averaged and the percentage change measured. Reference segments demonstrated preserved vasomotor function in all cases: +13.28% (AMS) versus +17.15% (PMS), p = 0.39. The mean percentage increase in CSA for the stented segment was +6.78% for the AMS versus -1.30% for PMS, p = 0.003.

CONCLUSION:

These data demonstrate that four months after AMS implantation vasomotor function in reference segments is no different to that observed with PMS. However in contrast to PMS, within the AMS-stented segments there is demonstrable vasodilatation. These observations may have important implications for future stent design.

PMID:
19284070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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