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Am J Ophthalmol. 1991 Oct 15;112(4):373-80.

Cystoid macular edema, retinal detachment, and glaucoma after Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy.

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Morse Laser Center, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston.


A series of 897 Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomies were reviewed for the complications of cystoid macular edema, retinal detachment, new onset of glaucoma, and worsened preexisting glaucoma. After Nd:YAG capsulotomy, 11 patients (1.23%; 95% confidence interval, 0.51% to 1.95%) developed cystoid macular edema and eight patients (0.89%; 95% confidence interval, 0.28% to 1.5%) developed a retinal detachment. The new onset of glaucoma was observed in seven patients (0.78%; 95% confidence interval, 0.20% to 1.36%). Five patients (0.56%; 95% confidence interval, 0.07% to 1.05%) with preexisting glaucoma had persistent worsening of their glaucoma. Most patients with a complication had no identifiable risk factors in common. The numbers of laser pulses and energy delivered were not risk factors. Retinal detachment and cystoid macular edema developed most often many months after capsulotomy and many months to years after the cataract surgery. Patients undergoing Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy therefore require ongoing medical observation to detect and treat these serious complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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