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Am J Med Sci. 1991 Sep;302(3):152-4.

Case report: fatal pulmonary toxoplasmosis following chemotherapy.

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Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.


A 41-year-old woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia in remission died of a rapidly progressive necrotizing pneumonia while in the recovery phase following consolidation chemotherapy. Autopsy revealed disseminated toxoplasmosis. Although this syndrome has been well described to present as a neurologic complication in certain immunocompromised patients, it is rare in acute leukemia, and non-neurologic presentations are even more unusual. This case emphasizes the need to be suspicious of toxoplasmosis in immunocompromised patients even in the absence of neurologic signs or symptoms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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