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Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2010 Jan;395(1):49-56. doi: 10.1007/s00423-009-0479-7. Epub 2009 Mar 12.

Long-term outcome 10 years or more after restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in patients with ulcerative colitis.

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Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.



The aim of this study was to assess quality of life (QOL) in a long-term follow-up of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) 10 years and more after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) to correlate these results with pouch function and to assess the long-term pouch failure rate.


In a unicentric study, 294 consecutive patients after IPAA between 1988 and 1996 were identified from a prospective database. QOL was evaluated according to the validated Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI).


Overall median follow-up was 11.5 years. Thirty-seven patients experienced pouch failure (12.6%). The rates of ileal pouch success after 5, 10 and 15 years were 92.3%, 88.7% and 84.5%. According to the GIQLI, patients with a functioning pouch achieved a mean score of 107.8, reflecting a decrease of QOL of 10.8% compared to a healthy population. There were significant negative correlations between QOL and an age of >50 years (p < 0.05), pouchitis, perianal inflammation and increased stool frequency (p < 0.0001).


QOL and functional results of patients with UC 10 years or more after IPAA were acceptable; however, those were reduced when compared to a healthy population. Pouch failure rate still increases up to 15.5% 15 years after IPAA. This result represents an important issue in providing patients with comprehensive preoperative information.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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