Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Virol. 2009 May;83(10):5046-55. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02409-08. Epub 2009 Mar 11.

Andes virus antigens are shed in urine of patients with acute hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Infectología y Virología Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Médicas y Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Marcoleta 391, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is a highly pathogenic emerging disease (40% case fatality rate) caused by New World hantaviruses. Hantavirus infections are transmitted to humans mainly by inhalation of virus-contaminated aerosol particles of rodent excreta and secretions. At present, there are no antiviral drugs or immunotherapeutic agents available for the treatment of hantaviral infection, and the survival rates for infected patients hinge largely on early virus recognition and hospital admission and aggressive pulmonary and hemodynamic support. In this study, we show that Andes virus (ANDV) interacts with human apolipoprotein H (ApoH) and that ApoH-coated magnetic beads or ApoH-coated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay plates can be used to capture and concentrate the virus from complex biological mixtures, such as serum and urine, allowing it to be detected by both immunological and molecular approaches. In addition, we report that ANDV-antigens and infectious virus are shed in urine of HCPS patients.

PMID:
19279096
PMCID:
PMC2682085
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.02409-08
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center