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Public Health Nutr. 2009 Dec;12(12):2504-32. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009005035. Epub 2009 Mar 12.

The Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005-06: main results in terms of food consumption.

Author information

1
INRAN, National Research Institute for Food and Nutrition, Via Ardeatina 546, I-00178 Rome, Italy. leclercq@inran.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The current paper aims to present the main results of the Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005-06.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study was performed. Households were randomly selected after geographical stratification of the national territory. Food consumption was assessed on three consecutive days through individual estimated dietary records.

SETTING:

Italy.

SUBJECTS:

The final study sample comprised 3323 subjects (1501 males and 1822 females) aged 0.1 to 97.7 years belonging to 1329 households: fifty-two infants (0-2.9 years), 193 children (3-9.9 years), 247 teenagers (10-17.9 years), 2313 adults (18-64.9 years) and 518 elderly (65 years and above).

RESULTS:

Participation rate was 33 %. The mean ratio of estimated energy intake to estimated BMR was 1.41 in adults. Indicators of mean and high individual consumption are presented for fifteen large categories and fifty-one subcategories of foods and beverages, in the total population and in consumers, by age and sex categories. The overall consumption of fruit and vegetables was 418 g/d. The consumption of red meat was approximately 700 g/week, expressed as raw weight. Some specific aspects of the Italian food consumption pattern were confirmed: a large contribution from bread, pasta and pizza to cereals, from olive oil to fats and from wine to alcoholic beverages.

CONCLUSIONS:

The database obtained from the survey will be the key reference for Italian food consumption during the coming years and will be utilized for a variety of purposes including the assessment of nutrient intakes and risk analysis.

PMID:
19278564
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980009005035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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