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Langmuir. 2009 Aug 4;25(15):8615-25. doi: 10.1021/la8042439.

Robust organogels from nitrogen-containing derivatives of (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid as gelators: comparisons with gels from stearic acid derivatives.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-1227, USA.

Abstract

Thirteen members of a new class of low molecular-mass organogelators (LMOGs), amides, and amines based on (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA; i.e., (R)-12-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid) and the properties of their gels have been investigated by a variety of structural and thermal techniques. The abilities of these LMOGs, molecules with primary and secondary amide and amine groups and the ammonium carbamate salt of 1-aminooctadecan-12-ol, to gelate a wide range of organic liquids have been ascertained. Their gelating efficiencies are compared with those of HSA and the corresponding nitrogen-containing molecules derived from stearic acid (i.e., HSA that lacks a 12-hydroxyl group). Several of the HSA-derived molecules are exceedingly efficient LMOGs, with much less than 1 wt % being necessary to gelate several organic liquids at room temperature. Generally, the self-assembled fibrillar networks of the gels consist of spherulitic objects whose dimensions depend on the protocol employed to cool the precursor sol phases. X-ray studies indicate that the LMOG molecules are packed in lamellae within the fibers that constitute the spherulites. In addition, some of the organogels exhibit unusual thixotropic properties: they recover a large part of their viscoelasticity within seconds of being destroyed by excessive strain shearing. This recovery is at least an order of magnitude faster than for any other organogel with a crystalline fibrillar network reported to date. Correlations of these LMOG structures (as well as with those that lack a hydroxyl group along the n-alkyl chain, a headgroup at its end, or both) with the properties of their gels, coupled with the unusual theological properties of these systems, point to new directions for designing LMOGs and organogels.

PMID:
19278205
DOI:
10.1021/la8042439

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